excuse/pardon/forgive的区别英语知识点

2022-07-29 13:29:21

excuse/pardon/forgive的区别英语知识点
1、fall短语归纳
fall from a tree 从树上掉下来;fall off a table 从桌子上落下;
fall out of bed 从床上跌下来;fall asleep 入睡;fall ill 病倒;fall behind 落后;
fall in love with sb. 爱上某人;fall to pieces 倒塌,垮台,崩溃,解体;
fall into the water 跌进水中;fall down 倒下;in the fall 在秋季;
have many falls 跌下许多跤;fall onto the ground 掉(倒)在地上 。
[应用]完成句子
①那个孩子从墙上掉下来伤着了右腿。
The boy____ ____the wall and hurt his right leg.
②他不想在学习上落后于别人。
He didn’t want to _____ ____others in his studies.

Key:①fell,off ②fall,behind

高中英语单词表3500词必背
英语单词速记法
人教版初中英语单词

fall ill 生病,得病
①Tom is absent,for he has fallen ill.
②John was caught in the storm and he fell ill.
fall over  跌倒,跌跤
When he was skating, he fell over some times.
fall to pieces  垮台,崩溃,倒塌,解体
①Most buildings fell to pieces in the earthquake in this city.
②Most organizations fell to pieces after political reform.
2、excuse / pardon / forgive
excuse“原谅,宽恕”,语气较轻,指对轻微的冒犯、失礼等的原谅;
pardon用于正式场合时意为“赦免”,也有“原谅,对不起”之意,语气最重;
forgive指免除某人犯错误或违法承担的后果,或不追究其应受责备的行为。
三个词都常与for连用,表示“原谅某人……”。
[应用]汉译英
①请原谅我迟到了。
②我永远不会原谅你昨天晚上说过的话。
Key:①Please excuse we for being late.
②I’ll never orgive you for what you said to me last night.
3、except/ besides/ except for+名词/ except that+句子用法区别
except相当于but,表示“除了……以外(不包括在内)”,常与all, nobody,everything,everybody, nowhere等表示整体概念的词连用。
besides相当于apart from,表示“除……以外(尚有)”之义。
except for.../except that ...表示“除了……”之意,引述一个相反的原因或细节,因而部分地修正了句中的主要意思。如:
Your article is well written except for some grammar mistakes.
你的文章写得好,只是有几处语法错误。

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